Localization of the Sustainable Development Goals in the Persian Gulf Marine Environment: Challenges and Opportunities

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, Islamic Azad University, Science & Research Branch, Tehran

2 Assistant Professor of International Law and Department of Law at Damavand Azad University, Member of the UNESCO Chair for Human Rights, Peace and Democracy Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran

3 Professor of International Law, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, I. A.U Science and Research Branch, Tehran,Iran, President of the Canadian Institute for International Law Expertise (CIFILE)

4 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, I. A.U Science and Research Branch, Tehran,Iran

Abstract

Localization of sustainable development goals could reasonably provide a framework to how local and regional governments meet their requirements in respective jurisdictions. Due to the importance of the environment protection in the process of the “sustainable development”, it is crucial for the states to include sustainable development goals in their regulations, laws and policies. In this perspective, presenting new approaches is utterly requested to protect the maritime environment of the Persian Gulf from destruction and degradation. Undoubtedly, there are a number of challenges and obstacles regarding the localization of SDGs in this region that the present paper will examine the strategies for addressing them. In fact, if environmental rules are internalized as a part of the domestic legal system, they will become more prominent and will be more respected. For this reason, one of the fundamental goals of this paper is to elaborate a suitable methodology to explain and design localized indicators of development sustainability at the regional level of the Persian Gulf. The main goals of sustainable development are to attain durable development in maritime areas in which efforts are made to provide a balance between economy, community and the marine environment.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Article Title [French]

Localization of the Sustainable Development Goals in the Persian Gulf

Authors [French]

  • Shima Naderi 1
  • Maryam Afshari 2
  • Abbas Pourhashemi 3
  • Parvin Farshchi 4
2 Professeur adjoint de droit international et département de droit à l'Université Damavand Azad, membre de la Chaire UNESCO pour les droits de l'homme, la paix et la démocratie Université
3 Professeur de droit international, Faculté des ressources naturelles et de l'environnement, I. A.U Direction des sciences et de la recherche, Téhéran, Iran, président de l'Institut canadien d'expertise
4 Professeur adjoint, Faculté des ressources naturelles et de l'environnement, I. A.U Direction des sciences et de la recherche, Téhéran, Iran
Abstract [French]

Localization of sustainable development goals could reasonably provide a framework to how local and regional governments meet their requirements in respective jurisdictions. Due to the importance of the environment protection in the process of the “sustainable development”, it is crucial for the states to include sustainable development goals in their regulations, laws and policies. In this perspective, presenting new approaches is utterly requested to protect the maritime environment of the Persian Gulf from destruction and degradation. Undoubtedly, there are a number of challenges and obstacles regarding the localization of SDGs in this region that the present paper will examine the strategies for addressing them. In fact, if environmental rules are internalized as a part of the domestic legal system, they will become more prominent and will be more respected. For this reason, one of the fundamental goals of this paper is to elaborate a suitable methodology to explain and design localized indicators of development sustainability at the regional level of the Persian Gulf. The main goals of sustainable development are to attain durable development in maritime areas in which efforts are made to provide a balance between economy, community and the marine environment.

Keywords [French]

  • sustainable development
  • Marine environment
  • Persian Gulf
  • International Environmental Law