Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D.Candidate in Environmental Law, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, I.A.U Science & Research Branch, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor of International Law and Department of Law at Damavand Azad University, Manager of UNESCO Chair on Education for Human Rights, Peace and Democracy in Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Associate Researcher of the Centre for the Study of International Law and Globalization (CEDIM) of the University of Québec in Montréal (UQAM) Canada & President of the Canadian Institute For International Law Expertise (CIFILE).

4 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, Islamic Azad University, Science & Research Branch, Tehran


Localization of sustainable development goals could reasonably provide a framework to how local and regional governments meet their requirements in respective jurisdictions. Due to the importance of the environment protection in the process of the “sustainable development”, it is crucial for the states to include sustainable development goals in their regulations, laws and policies. In this perspective, presenting new approaches is utterly requested to protect the maritime environment of the Persian Gulf from destruction and degradation. Undoubtedly, there are a number of challenges and obstacles regarding the localization of SDGs in this region that the present paper will examine the strategies for addressing them. In fact, if environmental rules are internalized as a part of the domestic legal system, they will become more prominent and will be more respected. For this reason, one of the fundamental goals of this paper is to elaborate a suitable methodology to explain and design localized indicators of development sustainability at the regional level of the Persian Gulf. The main goals of sustainable development are to attain durable development in maritime areas in which efforts are made to provide a balance between economy, community and the marine environment.


Main Subjects

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