Localization of the Sustainable Development Goals in the Persian Gulf Marine Environment: Challenges and Opportunities

Document Type: Original Article


1 PhD Candidate in Environmental Law,Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, I.A.U Science & Research Branch, Tehran,Iran

2 Assistant Professor of International Law, Department of Law, I. A.U, Damavand Branch, Member of the UNESCO Chair for Human Rights, Peace and Democracy Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran,Iran

3 Professor of International Law, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, I. A.U Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran, President of the Canadian Institute for International Law Expertise (CIFILE)

4 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, I. A.U Science and Research Branch, Tehran,Iran


Localization of sustainable development goals could reasonably provide a framework to how local and regional governments meet their requirements in respective jurisdictions. Due to the importance of the environment protection in the process of the “sustainable development”, it is crucial for the states to include sustainable development goals in their regulations, laws and policies. In this perspective, presenting new approaches is utterly requested to protect the maritime environment of the Persian Gulf from destruction and degradation. Undoubtedly, there are a number of challenges and obstacles regarding the localization of SDGs in this region that the present paper will examine the strategies for addressing them. In fact, if environmental rules are internalized as a part of the domestic legal system, they will become more prominent and will be more respected. For this reason, one of the fundamental goals of this paper is to elaborate a suitable methodology to explain and design localized indicators of development sustainability at the regional level of the Persian Gulf. The main goals of sustainable development are to attain durable development in maritime areas in which efforts are made to provide a balance between economy, community and the marine environment.


Main Subjects

Article Title [French]

Localisation des objectifs de développement durable dans l'environnement marin du golfe Persique: défis et opportunités

Authors [French]

  • Shima Naderi 1
  • Maryam Afshari 2
  • Abbas Pourhashemi 3
  • Parvin Farshchi 4
1 Doctorant en droit de l'environnement, Faculté des ressources naturelles et de l'environnement, Direction des sciences et de la recherche de l'Université Islamique Azad, Téhéran
2 Professeur adjoint de droit international et département de droit à l'Université Damavand Azad, membre de la Chaire UNESCO pour les droits de l'homme, la paix et la démocratie Université
3 Professeur de droit international, Faculté des ressources naturelles et de l'environnement, I. A.U Direction des sciences et de la recherche, Téhéran, Iran, président de l'Institut canadien d'expertise
4 Professeur adjoint, Faculté des ressources naturelles et de l'environnement, I. A.U Direction des sciences et de la recherche, Téhéran, Iran
Abstract [French]

La localisation des objectifs de développement durable pourrait raisonnablement fournir un cadre juridique dont les gouvernements locaux et régionaux répondent à leurs exigences dans les juridictions respectives. 
En raison de l'importance de la protection de l'environnement dans le processus de «développement durable», il est crucial pour les États d'inclure des objectifs de développement durable dans leurs réglementations, lois et politiques nationales.
Dans cette perspective, la présentation de nouvelles approches est absolument indispensable pour protéger l'environnement marine du golfe Persique.
I est important de noter qu’il y a un certain nombre de défis et d'obstacles concernant la localisation des ODD dans cette région. Dans ce contexte, la présente étude essayer d’examiner les stratégies pour les atteindre. En effets, si les règles environnementales sont internalisées dans le cadre du système juridique national, elles deviendront plus importantes et seront plus respectées. Pour cette raison, l'un des objectifs fondamentaux de cette recherche est d'élaborer une méthodologie appropriée pour expliquer et concevoir des indicateurs localisés de la durabilité du développement au niveau régional du golfe Persique. Les principaux objectifs du développement durable sont de parvenir à un développement durable dans les zones maritimes dans lesquelles des efforts sont faits pour assurer un équilibre entre l'économie, la culture et le milieu marin.

Keywords [French]

  • développement durable
  • milieu marin
  • golfe Persique
  • droit international de l'environnement
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