Document Type: Original Article
Associate Professor of Law, Faculty of Law Shahid Beheshti Unversity, Tehran,Iran
Assistant Professor of Law, Department of Law, Imam Khomeini Maritime University, Mazandaran, Iran
Industry of navigation is one of the most important pillars of world’s economy so that According to statistics More than 90% percent of the world’s goods are transferred by merchant ship lines .According to the latest statistics of 2105, 10 billion tons of goods, equivalent to $ 4 trillion, have been transferred by sea and the global economy is dependent on maritime transport, and the lack of it is causing countries to face the crisis. Therefore the establishment of decent work in environments of merchant ships for seafarers has fundamental importance and inevitable effects on economic in national and international level. Merchant ships of the world that are registered in more than 150 countries employed approximately more than 1.5 million of seafarers and this industry also has 10,000 seamen In Iran that in general they considered as marine workers.
This study using analytical – descriptive, consider the International Labor Standards and Decent Work factors with glance of maritime security and safety and IMO standard for seafarers. Findings of this study show that marine works are very hard and chore in terms of physical and mental effects.In fact the convention express fundamental rights and principles those seafarers faced in relation to condition of work and living on board.Therefore seafarers have rights that should observe by ship owners and the state flag should confirm the situation of ships with the requirement of the convention. In principles as the skilled and experiment crew is one of the requirements of successful operation in modern ships the process of shortage and unsatisfied crew can hard effects on this industry especially on the secure operation of ship.In decent work, in addition to having a job, you will be entitled to the right fundamental work, social support and social discourse are also discussed. In other words, the merit of a job is not only about having a job, but also a number of other factors in the work's competence, including the right to form civil formations of labor relations, the prohibition of discrimination in employment, the observance of the minimum age, the prohibition of child labor, the minimum wage proportional to the minimum subsistence The existence of social security, unemployment insurance, rehabilitation, empowerment of women through the acquisition of appropriate job opportunities and the existence of social dialogue between the employer, the employer and the government are also mandatory.
Article Title [French]
Mohammad Hossein Zarei
Amir Nezam Barati
Professeur agrégé de droit, faculté de droit Shahid Beheshti Unversity, Téhéran,Iran
Professeur assistant de droit, Département de droit, Imam Khomeini Maritime University, Mazandaran, Iran